Trina Robbins

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Trina Robbins is an American comics artist, writer and “herstorian”. She was an early and influential participant in the underground comix movement, and one of the few female artists in underground comix when she started.

Robbins started drawing at a young age. She became an active member of science fiction fandom in the 1950s, and her illustrations appeared in science fiction fanzines such as the Hugo-nominated Habakkuk. She got back into comics in the late 1960s when the Batman television show and the proliferation of Pop Art made comics interesting to young hippies. She also started drawing psychedelic images with magic markers for fun. When she was introduced to the East Village Other underground newspaper, she was inspired by a psychedelic comic by “Panzika,” who she later found out was a woman, Nancy Kalish.

In 1969, Robbins designed the costume for the Warren Publishing character Vampirella for artist Frank Frazetta in Vampirella #1, published in September, 1969. Robbins’ official involvement with Wonder Woman, a character she had long admired, began in 1986. At the conclusion of the first volume of the series (in conjunction with the series Crisis on Infinite Earths), DC Comics published a four-issue limited series titled The Legend of Wonder Woman, written by Kurt Busiek and drawn by Robbins. Robbins was the first woman to draw Wonder Woman comics on a professional level.

As she got more and more into comics, in 1970 she moved back out to California to San Francisco with a car-full of other underground cartoonists; soon after arriving, they were joined by Willy Mendes, with whom she had worked on EVO publication Gothic Blimp Works. She found the San Francisco comic scene unwelcome to women cartoonists, finding herself introduced at the parties she was rarely invited to as “Trina…a dressmaker.”

She worked at the feminist underground newspaper It Ain’t Me, Babe. She subsequently established the first all-woman comic book titled It Ain’t Me Babe Comix. She became increasingly involved in creating outlets for and promoting female comics artists, through projects such as the comics anthology Wimmen’s Comix.

In the 1980s, she started working for mainstream publications such as National Lampoon and Playboy, in addition to a six-issue miniseries called Misty for Marvel’s Star imprint. She also worked on an adaptation of Sax Rohmer’s Dope for Eclipse Comics.

In the mid-’80s through the 1990s, she undertook the task of “herstorian,” chronicling the history of women comics creators and cartoonists in her books Women in the Comics (with Catherine Yronwode), A Century of Women Cartoonists (later updated as The Great Women Cartoonists) as well as a biography of Nell Brinkley. She said of her non-fiction projects: “I wrote about women cartoonists because I knew that there had been more women cartoonists, and the guys would always justify their attitudes by saying, ‘Well, women just don’t draw comics. Women have never drawn comics.’ And I knew that wasn’t true. So I did a lot of research and, of course, I was right. I found hundreds of women cartoonists. Really, really great women cartoonists.”

In the 21st century, she collaborated with artist Anne Timmons on GoGirl! about a teenage superhero who inherited her flying powers from her superheroine mother for Image Comics. She also wrote the first story arc for Moonstone’s Honey West, based on the ’60s TV series of the same name. She has primarily been a scripter of graphic novels during the 21st century, and her most recent work is a graphic biography of Lily Renée, drawn by Timmons.

She lives in San Francisco with her long-term partner, comic artist Steve Leialoha.